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Aggrenox (Acetylsalicylic Acid + Dipyridamole)
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Aggrenox

Generic Aggrenox is an effective preparation which is taken in struggle against pain, fever, and inflammation. Generic Aggrenox is also used to keep platelets in your blood from sticking together to form clots. Generic Aggrenox consists of aspirin and dipyridamole combination. Generic Aggrenox is also taken to protect from the risk of stroke in people who have had blood clots or a "mini-stroke" (transient ischemic attack or TIA).

Other names for this medication:
Aspirin-Dipyridamole

Similar Products:
Aspirin, Dipyridamole

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Also known as:  Acetylsalicylic Acid + Dipyridamole.

Description

Generic Aggrenox is developed by medical scientists to relieve pain, fever, and inflammation. Also it keeps platelets in your blood from sticking together to form clots.

Generic Aggrenox is also created for people who have had blood clots or a "mini-stroke" (transient ischemic attack or TIA) to protect from possible risk of stroke.

Generic Aggrenox consists of aspirin (25 mg) and dipyridamole (200 mg).

Aspirin is in a group of drugs called salicylates. Aspirin works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation, fever and pain in the body.

Dipyridamole operates by keeping platelets in your blood from sticking together to form clots.

Dosage

Take capsules orally with a full glass (8 ounces) of water.

It is possible to take Generic Aggrenox with or without food.

Remember to swallow the capsule whole without any tries to crush, chew, break, or open it.

Remember that taking Generic Aggrenox is not the same as taking each of the medications (aspirin and dipyridamole) separately.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop using Generic Aggrenox suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Aggrenox and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Generic Aggrenox overdosage: feeling light-headed, or fainting, warmth or tingly feeling, sweating, restlessness, dizziness, weakness.

Storage

Store at a room temperature between 4 and 30 degrees C (39 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Throw away the after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Aggrenox are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not use Generic Aggrenox if you are allergic to Generic Aggrenox components.

Do not use Generic Aggrenox if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. It is not known whether Generic Aggrenox harms baby.

Do not use Generic Aggrenox with any other over-the-counter pain medication.

Do not give Generic Aggrenox to a child or teenager who has a fever, flu symptoms or chicken pox. Generic Aggrenox can cause a serious and sometimes fatal condition called Reye's syndrome in children.

Do not use Generic Aggrenox if you have a history of allergy to an NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) such as Advil, Motrin, Aleve, Orudis, Indocin, Lodine, Voltaren, Toradol, Mobic, Relafen, Feldene, and others, asthma or nasal polyps.

Be careful with Generic Aggrenox if you are taking medicines such as acetazolamide (Diamox); diuretic (water pill) such as amiloride (Midamor, Moduretic), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, HydroDiuril, Hyzaar, Lopressor, Vasoretic, Zestoretic), spironolactone (Aldactazide, Aldactone), triamterene (Dyrenium, Maxzide, Dyazide), and others; seizure medication such as carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Tegretol), phenytoin (Dilantin), or phenobarbital (Luminal, Solfoton); methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall); diabetes medications that you take by mouth; Alzheimer medications such as donepezil (Aricept), galantamine (Reminyl), or rivastigmine (Exelon); beta-blocker such as atenolol (Tenormin), carvedilol (Coreg), esmolol (Brevibloc), metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol), propranolol (Inderal, InnoPran), sotalol (Betapace), timolol (Blocadren), and others; aspirin or other NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), indomethacin (Indocin), ketoprofen (Orudis), meloxicam (Mobic), nabumetone (Relafen), piroxicam (Feldene); gout medications such as probenecid (Benemid) or sulfinpyrazone (Anturane); ACE inhibitor such as benazepril (Lotensin), captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril), quinapril (Accupril), ramipril (Altace), and others.

Be careful with Generic Aggrenox if you suffer from or have a history of kidney disease, stomach ulcers or bleeding, bleeding disorder such as hemophilia, low blood pressure, heart disease, congestive heart failure, or recent heart attack, liver disease.

Avoid alcohol.

It can be dangerous to stop Generic Aggrenox using suddenly.

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It is unknown whether the addition of dipyridamole to aspirin as pretreatment for patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) decreases acute complications. In this study 232 patients were prospectively randomized to receive either aspirin 325 mg orally 3 times daily (group 1, n = 115) or aspirin 325 mg orally 3 times daily plus dipyridamole 75 mg orally 3 times daily (group 2, n = 117) before elective PTCA. All clinical, angiographic and PTCA-related variables were similar between groups. Angiographic success rate was 93% in both groups. Clinical success was achieved in 107 patients (92%) in group 1 and in 101 patients (88%) in group 2 (difference not significant). Q-wave myocardial infarction occurred in 2 patients (1.7%) in group 1 and 5 patients (4.3%) in group 2 (difference not significant). Emergency coronary artery bypass grafting was required in 3 patients (2.6%) in group 1 and 7 patients (6.1%) in group 2 (difference not significant). There was 1 in-hospital death (in group 2). In this study, the addition of dipyridamole to aspirin as pretreatment of patients undergoing PTCA did not significantly reduce acute complications compared to aspirin alone.

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Two review authors independently selected trials for inclusion, assessed trial quality and extracted data. Data were analysed according to the intention-to-treat principle.

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The duration of intravenous heparin therapy required to maintain patency of the infarct-related artery after intravenous streptokinase is uncertain. Twenty-eight patients were prospectively treated with 1.5 million units of intravenous streptokinase within 4 hours of onset of chest pain. Intravenous heparin was begun after the streptokinase infusion was complete and was discontinued within 36 hours. Aspirin, 325 mg daily, and dipyridamole, 75 mg three times a day, was begun before the heparin was discontinued. Coronary angiography was performed both at 2 hours after completion of the streptokinase infusion and again at a mean of 8.7 (+/- 3.2) days after the initial catheterization. One patient died after treatment with streptokinase but before early angiography. In 21 of 27 patients (78%), Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction trial (TIMI) grade 2 or 3 perfusion in the infarct vessel was observed on initial angiography. Repeat angiograms were available in 17 of the 21 patients with initially patent vessels. Continued patency (TIMI grade 2 or 3) was found in 15 of the 17 patients (88%). Two of the four patients who did not undergo repeat angiography died, and the remaining two patients required coronary artery bypass grafting for unstable angina. Bleeding complications occurred in 6 of 27 patients (22%), with two (7%) requiring surgical evacuation of a groin hematoma. There were no instances of intracerebral bleeding and only two patients required transfusions. Thus, the combination of aspirin and dipyridamole following 36 hours of systemic heparinization after intravenous streptokinase infusion is associated with a reocclusion rate comparable to that which has been reported for more prolonged systemic anticoagulation with fewer hemorrhagic complications.

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The latest guidelines do not make clear recommendations on the selection of antiplatelet therapies for long-term secondary prevention of stroke. We aimed to integrate the available evidence to create hierarchies of the comparative efficacy and safety of long-term antiplatelet therapies after ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack.

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Extended release dipyridamole (DIP) is widely used in clinical practice as an Aggrenox formulation, which is proven to improve outcomes for secondary stroke prevention in patients after acute vascular events. However, presently established fluorometry techniques are not suitable for trace amount determinations, because of the variable background fluorescence. The authors sought to determine whether biological fluid pH is important for the serial measures of DIP levels in the animal experiments and in patients treated with Aggrenox after ischemic stroke. Post-stroke patient (n = 34) and mice (n = 25) samples were tested to determine DIP levels by established techniques with FluoroMax 3 spectrofluorometer. Both the absorption and emission spectra of DIP were affected by modifications in pH. Fluorescence of DIP was found to be maximal at a wavelength of 490 nm (excitation 420 nm) and the spectral pattern was independent of pH. The intensity of fluorescence, however, was drastically lower at low pH (at pH 2.6, fluorescence was 4% of intensity at pH 9.8). Background plasma fluorescence, however, was completely unaffected by changes in pH. Using these fluorometric characteristics, a regression model that facilitates the efficient and sensitive determination of DIP concentration in biological fluids was formulated. Exploiting pH-dependent characteristics of DIP versus serum fluorescence patterns permits a convenient mathematical model to determine DIP concentration. This relatively inexpensive and time-efficient procedure can quantify drug levels in human/animal plasma/serum, thereby directly determining the level of patient adherence to the prescribed drug regimen, be it in the context of clinical trials or compliance with the animal protocol.

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The precise role of antiplatelet therapy in secondary stroke prevention remains a matter of some debate. Although specific antiplatelet agents (notably aspirin, ticlopidine, dipyridamole, and clopidogrel) have been shown to be active in the prevention of secondary stroke, questions remain about the effective dose of these agents and their potential efficacy in combined therapeutic regimens. In addition, haematological and gastrointestinal side-effects of antiplatelet agents remain a significant clinical concern for patients and prescribing physicians. This review article examines research on both monotherapy and combination antiplatelet therapy for secondary stroke prevention, with an emphasis on lessons learned about dosage schedules, treatment protocols, and side-effect profiles.

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Oral anticoagulant therapy with warfarin commenced pre-operatively (n = 102) to prevent coronary artery vein graft occlusions was compared in terms of efficacy and safety with dipyridamole and aspirin (n = 130) in a randomized consecutive series of patients. Anticoagulant therapy was started at least 2 weeks before coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) and antiplatelet therapy was started at least 3 days before CABG with dipyridamole followed by a combination of 250 mg aspirin once a day via a nasogastric tube 6 h after CABG. Overall, vein graft patency at 3 months after surgery did not differ significantly between the anticoagulant group (203/275, 74%) and dipyridamole-aspirin group (238/311, 77%), but the occlusion rate for grafts with endarterectomy was higher in the anticoagulant (46%) than in the dipyridamole and aspirin group (16%), (P less than 0.05). The rate of peri-operative complications including deaths, re-operation and myocardial infarction was higher in the anticoagulant than antiplatelet group (26.5% vs 13.8%, P less than 0.05). The occurrence of postoperative bleeding complications did not differ significantly between the groups. Thus, oral anticoagulant therapy commenced pre-operatively has no advantages over conventional antiplatelet therapy in patients who undergo CABG. Neither antithrombotic regimens proved to be satisfactory for preventing acute bypass vein graft occlusions in this patient population with advanced coronary artery disease.

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ASA/ER-DP thus offers a cost-effective alternative to ASA monotherapy for the prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke.

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The Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register was searched and other relevant Cochrane Groups were contacted to search their specialised registers (last search 29 April 2002). In addition the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched and Dutch manufacturers of dipyridamole were contacted to identify further published and unpublished studies.

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Five hundred forty-six patients (12.0 %) were taking antithrombotic drugs (aspirin, 313; warfarin, 134; cilostazol, 57; clopidogrel, 59; ethylicosapentate, 40; prostaglandin preparations, 41; ticlopidine, 29; icosapentate, 24; dipyridamole, 4); 116 and 29 patients, respectively, were managed with a combination of 2 or 3 agents. Among 490 patients whose medical records were precisely documented, 40.6 % underwent EGD without cessation. Bleeding and thromboembolic complications were not observed. The most common pre-existing comorbidity was ischemic heart disease (27.9 %), followed by carotid or intracranial large artery atherosclerosis (20.5 %), cerebral infarction or transient ischemic attack (20.3 %), and atrial fibrillation (15.9 %). Patients with pre-existing comorbidity requiring anticoagulants frequently underwent EGD without cessation.

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After cardiac valve replacement patients were blindly randomized into two groups, both receiving aspirin (330 mg) and dipyridamole (75 mg) twice daily and the oral anticoagulant acenocoumarol (Sintrom). An international normalized ratio of 2.0 to 2.99 was assigned to group A and 3.0 to 4.5 to group B; both groups were subsequently analyzed for thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications. Final evaluation included 51 and 48 patients, respectively. The follow-up was 626 months for group A (12.3 months/patient) and 486 months for group B (10.1 months/patient). The frequency of thromboembolism was equal in both groups: one transient ischemic attack in group A (a rate of 1.92/100 patient-years) and two transient ischemic attacks in group B (a rate of 4.94/100 patient-years). There was, however, a statistical difference in bleeding complications between the two groups (p less than 0.02). Two patients bled in group A, a rate of 3.9% (3.8/100 patient-years), which represents an incidence of one episode each 25.6 years of treatment; 10 patients bled in group B, a rate of 20.8% (24.7/100 patient-years) representing an incidence of one episode each 4 years of treatment. We conclude that an international normalized ratio of 2 to 3 is safer than a ratio of 3 to 4.5 and confers good protection from thromboembolism when oral anticoagulant therapy is used conjointly with platelet function-inhibiting drugs in patients with mechanical substitute heart valves.

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aggrenox storage 2015-09-02

It has been reported that combined warfarin and antiplatelet therapy may be effective but may be associated with an increased hemorrhagic risk. Therefore, definite benefits of the Atarax 10mg 5ml Syrup treatment in patients with an implanted prosthetic valve have not been clearly documented.

aggrenox medication classification 2017-12-24

Published information related to recognition and treatment of Alprostadil Online Prescription TIA and the prevention of a secondary cerebrovascular event after TIA.

aggrenox drug information 2017-03-29

ninety-seven patients were identified. Mean follow-up time was 26 months. The annual risk of (non-)fatal stroke was 5.3% for all strokes (95% CI 2. 9%-9.6%) and 3.8% for ipsilateral stroke (95% CI 1.9%-7.7%). Hyperlipidaemia and severe stenosis of the contralateral ICA were independent risk factors. Twenty-two of 32 patients with a severe stenosis of the contralateral ICA underwent CEA, of which one patient died and three suffered a minor ischaemic stroke. The perioperative risk of CEA in the control group of 20 patients with Hytrin Generic Names asymptomatic contralateral ICA occlusion was 0% (0 of 20).

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Short-term trial of aspirin and/or dipyridamole significantly reduces proteinuria of type-2 diabetic nephropathy, with the Norvasc Tablets Side Effects most prominent effect seen with combination of the 2 drugs.

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In the Persantine-Aspirin Reinfarction Study (PARIS) trial 2026 persons who had recovered from myocardial infarction (MI) were randomized into three groups: Persantine plus Aspirin (PR/A) (n = 810); aspirin alone (ASA) (n = 810); placebo (PLBO) (n = 406). The average length of follow-up study was 41 months. Results for the three specified primary end points were: total mortality 16% lower in PR/A and 18% lower in ASA compared with PLBO; coronary mortality 24% and 21% lower; incidence of nonfatal MI plus fatal coronary disease 25% and 24% lower. These differences were not statistically significant by the study criterion (Z greater than or equal to 2.6). By life-table analysis, the rates of coronary mortality and coronary incidence were about 50% lower in the PR Cefixime Dosage 200mg /A group than in the PLBO group from 8--24 months, and for coronary incidence all Z values were greater than or equal to 2.6; ASA rates were about 30% lower than PLBO rates, and for coronary incidence, Z values were greater than or equal to 2.6 at two points. For these end points, from 8--20 months, PR/A rates were about 30% lower than ASA rates, but all Z values were < 2.0. PR/A and ASA patients entering within 6 months of last MI showed the largest percentage reductions in mortality; only the difference between PR/A and PLBO groups for 3-year coronary mortality yielded a Z value of 2.6.

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In a double-blind trial of streptokinase for acute myocardial infarction, 219 consecutive patients presenting with infarction within four hours (mean, 3.0 +/- 0.8) of the onset of chest pain were randomly assigned to treatment with streptokinase (1.5 million units) or placebo, given intravenously over 30 minutes. The primary end point of the study was left ventricular function in patients with first infarctions. Patients who could undergo beta-blockade also received intravenous propranolol. Heparin (for 48 hours) and a combination of low-dose aspirin and dipyridamole were administered to both groups until cineangiography was performed at three weeks. In the patients with first infarctions treated with streptokinase, the left ventricular ejection fraction was 6 percentage points higher (streptokinase vs. placebo, 59 +/- 10.5 vs. 53 +/- 13.5 percent; P less than 0.005), with benefit to patients with either anterior infarction (57 +/- 11.9 vs. 49 +/- 15.9 percent; P less than 0.05) or inferior infarction (60 +/- 9.1 vs. 55 +/- 11.3 percent; P less than 0.05). Left ventricular function was improved regardless of whether concomitant propranolol was Aricept Cost In Canada given. Survival (at 30 days) was improved with streptokinase: 2 deaths occurred among 79 patients who received this drug, as compared with 12 deaths among 93 patients who received placebo (2.5 vs. 12.9 percent, P = 0.012). Rates of reinfarction (streptokinase vs. placebo, 3 vs. 1 percent) and requirements for surgery or angioplasty (7 vs. 5 percent) were similar in the two groups. We conclude that administration of intravenous streptokinase (1.5 million units) to patients with a first myocardial infarction results in improved left ventricular function and short-term survival.

aggrenox 20 mg 2016-01-09

The prevention of secondary vascular events is of paramount importance in patients with a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Most cardiologists are aware of the benefits of clopidogrel plus aspirin versus those of other antiplatelet regimens in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Using a representative post-stroke patient as an example, this article reviews data evaluating the effectiveness of antiplatelet regimens in preventing secondary vascular events in stroke and TIA patients. These results differ from those seen in clinical trials of acute coronary syndrome patients. Clinical studies provide little evidence that clopidogrel, with or without Effexor Xr Highest Dosage aspirin, is more efficacious in this setting than aspirin alone. Moreover, the increased risk of bleeding episodes with clopidogrel and aspirin in combination probably outweighs any small reductions in secondary event risk. In contrast, extended-release dipyridamole (ER-DP) plus aspirin reduces secondary stroke risk to a significantly greater extent (23% relative risk reduction) than aspirin alone. Currently available clinical trial data support the use of ER-DP plus aspirin, but not clopidogrel plus aspirin, to prevent secondary vascular events after stroke or TIA.

aggrenox drug class 2017-02-08

In this placebo-controlled trial after STEMI, the Artane 2 Mg Price combination of aspirin and dipyridamole did not affect noninfarct artery disease progression. Progression did not predict long-term clinical outcome.

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Combination of low-dose aspirin and modified-release dipyridamole (ASA+MR-DP) provides a significantly increased benefit in stroke prevention over aspirin alone. However, headaches were reported in more patients receiving dipyridamole-containing agents than in those receiving placebo. We Cialis Daily Dosage Review undertook a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate which dosing regimens of ASA+MR-DP have better tolerance.

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PubMed, EMBASE, and the Vantin Medication Side Effects Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through March 2013 without language restrictions.