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Atarax

Generic Atarax is used for treating anxiety, for sedation before and after general anesthesia, and for treating itching due to certain allergic conditions, including hives and contact dermatitis (e. g. , poison ivy). It also may be used for other conditions.

Other names for this medication:
Apo-hydroxyzine, Atarax-p, Ataraxone, Aterax, Bestalin, Cedar, Dalun, Disron, Dormirex, Fasarax, Fedox, Hatanazin, Hiderax, Hidroxicina genfar, Hidroxizin, Hidroxizina, Histacalmine, Histaderm, Hyderax, Hydroxyzin, Hydroxyzinum, Hytis, Iremofar, Iterax, Neucalm, Neurax, Neurolax, Otarex, Qualidrozine, Ucerax, Vetaraxoid, Vistaril

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Also known as:  Hydroxyzine.

Description

Generic Atarax is used for treating anxiety, for sedation before and after general anesthesia, and for treating itching due to certain allergic conditions, including hives and contact dermatitis (e. g. , poison ivy). It also may be used for other conditions.

Generic Atarax is an antihistamine. It works by affecting the brain to reduce anxiety. It also has other activities, including opening breathing tubes, relieving pain or allergy symptoms, and preventing or treating nausea and vomiting caused by motion sickness.

Atarax is also known as Hydroxyzine, Alamon, Aterax, Durrax, Tran-Q, Orgatrax, Quiess, Vistaril Parenteral, Tranquizine.

Generic name of Generic Atarax is Hydroxyzine.

Brand name of Generic Atarax is Atarax.

Dosage

Generic Atarax can be taken in tablets. You should take it by mouth.

Take Generic Atarax by mouth with or without food. If stomach upset occurs, take with food to reduce stomach irritation.

Swallow Generic Atarax whole. Do not crush or chew before swallowing.

Continue to take Generic Atarax even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses. Taking Generic Atarax at the same time each day will help you to remember to take it.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Atarax suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Atarax and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Do not freeze. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Atarax are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Generic Atarax if you are allergic to Generic Atarax components.

Try to be careful with Generic Atarax if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Atarax can harm your baby.

Do not take Generic Atarax if you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB).

Do not take Generic Atarax if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement

Do not take Generic Atarax if you have asthma, glaucoma, difficulty urinating, urinary or intestinal blockage, a prostate disease, or a blood disease.

Be careful with Generic Atarax in case of taking sodium oxybate (GHB) because you can experience side effects such as an increase in sleep duration and slowed breathing.

Do not stop taking Generic Atarax suddenly.

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To report a case of multiple episodes of seizure activity in an AIDS patent following amphotericin B infusion.

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To find the cause of abnormal NMR spectra of lomerizine dihydrochloride, cetirizine dihydrochloride and flenfluramine camphoramide.

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The induction of nasal symptoms, nasal secretion and nasal obstruction (measured as nasal flow) during the first 2 h of pollen exposure was highly reproducible at the 4 consecutive exposures. The symptom of nasal obstruction was significantly reduced after treatment with CET + PSE compared to the treatment with CET or PSE alone or PLA (p < 0.0001). Furthermore, the combination treatment significantly reduced the total nasal symptom score (TNSS) and visual analogue scale score (VAS) compared to the single treatments or PLA. Nasal flow was significantly increased after treatment with CET + PSE and PSE and nasal secretions were significantly reduced by CET + PSE and CET without significant additional improvement of the combination therapy.

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Mucociliary function is a major cleansing mechanism of the respiratory tract. Many drugs used in the treatment of respiratory diseases impair the ciliary beat frequency (CBF) of mucous membrane. Our aim was to study by means of a photoelectric technique, the effects of two antitussives--dextromethorphan and vadocaine--and two antihistamines--hydroxyzine and diphenhydramine--on the rat tracheal CBF in vitro. The CBF was measured from tracheal explants immersed in drug solutions. Dextromethorphan (1.0 mg/ml and 10.0 mg/ml) caused 16.9-20.8% decrease in the CBF during the 40 min. measurement period. Vadocaine (0.1 mg/ml and 0.5 mg/ml) decreased the CBF by 6.9%. Higher vadocaine concentrations caused a dose-dependent inhibitory effect so that mucociliary function stopped totally within 20 min. with 5.0 mg/ml vadocaine solution. Both diphenhydramine and hydroxyzine totally stopped the ciliary activity during 20 min. with concentrations of 2.5 mg/ml and 1.0 mg/ml. respectively. Locke-Ringer solution used as a control did not cause any change in the CBF. These results suggest that the antihistamines diphenhydramine and hydroxyzine are more ciliostatic than the antitussives dextromethorphan and vadocaine on the rat tracheal cilia in vitro. The results suggest further in vivo studies. The used photoelectric detection method proved to be suitable for evaluating drug effects on the CBF of respiratory mucosa.

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Cetirizine did not significantly inhibit either the EAR or LAR documented by maximum percentage fall in FEV1 (0-3 and 6-9 h) or as area under the curve (AUC between 0 and 3 and 6-9 h). Beclomethasone inhibited the LAR compared with placebo (P = 0.02) when expressed as AUC (6-9 h). This did not quite reach statistical significance (P = 0.06) when expressed as maximal percentage late fall in FEV1 between 6 and 9 h. A greater than twofold increase in airways responsiveness to methacholine was observed 3 h after challenge which was significantly reduced by beclomethasone compared with placebo (P < 0.02) and cetirizine (P < 0.05). The data suggest that oral cetirizine does not significantly inhibit either the EAR or LAR. Beclomethasone inhibited both the early increase in airways responsiveness and the subsequent LAR. Our study also confirms the view that early increases in airway responsiveness precede the late response and suggests that these associated events are not dissociable by the pharmacological treatments employed in this study.

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Levocetirizine 5 mg, ebastine 10 mg, fexofenadine 180 mg, loratadine 10 mg, mizolastine 10 mg, or placebo in single doses were given to 18 healthy male volunteers in a double-blind, crossover, randomized fashion. Wheal-and-flare responses to epicutaneous histamine dihydrochloride (100 mg/mL) challenge were measured at 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hours after each dose.

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Patients 12 years or older with a history of chronic urticaria (more than 6 weeks in duration) required diary documentation of 6 or more hives on at least 2 days/week and a suboptimal response to H(1)-antagonist therapy for enrollment. At baseline, all subjects were skin tested to autologous serum to assess for the potential presence of FcepsilonRI or IgE autoantibodies. Subjects meeting the initial entry criteria were treated with cetirizine 10 mg a day and placebo twice daily for 1 week. Those patients with persistent hives were randomized to receive cetirizine 10 mg daily and zafirlukast 20 mg twice a day or cetirizine 10 mg daily and placebo. At each successive weekly visit, physician and patient treatment effectiveness score (TES) and visual analog scale (VAS) ratings were recorded. Statistical analysis used generalizing estimating equations to compare the effect of combination therapy versus monotherapy on TES and VAS ratings. Results were adjusted for baseline rating, recruiting center, and autologous serum skin test (ASST). A separate analysis evaluated patients with positive ASST results receiving combination therapy versus monotherapy.

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Angioedema is a non-pruritic swelling usually limited to the skin and mucous membranes of the face and perioral soft tissues. It can be life threatening but usually is not, and can be managed with conservative medical treatment unless the airway is endangered. Recent reports suggest that angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors can predispose and/or precipitate angioedema, with a predilection toward patients of African American ancestry.

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One thousand nineteen EMONO inhalations from 31 centers that agreed to participate in this 2-month survey were analyzed. Median (range) age was 6.4 (0-18) years. Four percent (46) of children were 12 months old or younger, 29% (295) were 5 years old or younger, 45% (459) were 6 to 10 years old, and 26% (265) were older than 10 years of age. The procedures performed with EMONO inhalation were: lumbar punctures (286), bone marrow aspirations (BMA; 231), laceration repairs (215), minor procedures (75), minor surgery (53), punctures (49), fractures (45), dental care (43), and pulmonary endoscopy (22). Nine percent of procedures were undertaken without the presence of a physician; the child being observed only by the attending nurse. A drug association was noted in 182 (17.9%) of procedures: midazolam (63%), acetaminophen (18%), nalbuphine (8.5%), hydroxyzine (5%), flunitrazepam (2%), chlorazepate (2%), morphine (1%), and lorazepam (.5%). EMLA cream (Astra) was applied in 98.6% of lumbar punctures, 93.7% of BMA, and 54.2% of punctures including lymph nodes, hematoma, or renal biopsies. Lidocaine infiltration was performed in 51% of minor surgery procedures, 40% of laceration repairs, and 28% of BMA. The inhalation system included a whistle, a scented mask, and a nonrebreathing respiratory valve in 48.9%, 71.2%, and 78.3% of the patients, respectively. Initial physical restraint was needed in 18. 2% of all the patients. Inhalation refusal was noted in 129 (12.7%) children; of these, 53 had an alternative method of analgesia (EMLA or lidocaine infiltration), 15 had no other analgesia, and in the remaining 61, EMONO inhalation was maintained against the child's will. Median (interquartile) inhalation length was 4 (3-5) minutes before starting the procedure and 6 (6-15) minutes for the total inhalation. Median (interquartile) procedural pain evaluations were 9 (0-30) for children on a 0 to 100 visual analog scale, 1 (0-3) for both nurses and parents on a 0 to 10 numerical scale. Median (interquartile) procedural pain as evaluated by nurses for the 3 most frequent procedures were 0 (0-2) for lumbar punctures, 2 (0-4) for bone marrow aspiration, and 2 (0-4) for laceration repair. Comparison of pain assessed by nurses in children 3 years old or younger and those older than 3 years of age showed a median (range) score of 2 (0-10) versus 1 (0-10), respectively. Pain self-assessment was completed in 647 children 6 years of age or older. Median (interquartile) children pain assessments were as follows: lumbar puncture (5; 0-20), bone marrow aspiration (12.5; 0-40), laceration repair (12; 0-40), minor procedures (18; 0-32), minor surgery (10; 0-35), punctures (0; 0-18), fracture (15; 0-30), dental care (20; 0-40), and pulmonary endoscopy (15; 0-30). Ninety-three percent of the 647 children who were able to answer the question said they would accept EMONO analgesia if a new procedure were to be performed. Behavioral reactions during procedures varied with age of the child; cry was observed in 44.1%, 24.4%, 12.9%, and 11.2% of children 3 years or younger, 4 to 6 years, 7 to 10 years, and 11 years or older, respectively. Physical restraint was necessary in 34.2%, 22%, 13.5%, and 8.4% of children aged 3 years or younger, 4 to 6 years, 7 to 10 years, and 11 years or old

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At 1 hour, there was no statistically significant difference in the wheal size between levocetirizine alone and the combination of levocetirizine and ranitidine. Levocetirizine with ranitidine resulted in statistically significant reduction of wheal size at 2, 3, 6, and 24 hours when compared with levocetirizine alone.

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Cetirizine was administered at 10 mg once daily to 51 patients with urticaria for a mean of 10.1 ± 7.3 days (period A). Patients with inadequate responses were randomized to either cetirizine 20 mg once daily (dose-increase group) or olopatadine 5 mg twice daily (drug-change group) for a mean of 13.3 ± 8.3 days (Period B). The severity of wheal and itching, and the quality of life (QOL) measured by Skindex-16 were evaluated.

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Cetirizine, a human metabolite of hydroxyzine, is a selective H1-receptor antagonist currently approved for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis, perennial allergic rhinitis, and chronic urticaria. In U.S. clinical trials, transient reversible hepatic transaminase elevations were observed in <2% of patients during cetirizine therapy. We report a case of cetirizine-induced cholestasis in a 28-year-old man with no previous hepatobiliary disease after a 2-year period of taking cetirizine on a daily basis. The treatment of this patient included the use of ursodeoxycholic acid, as well as hydroxyzine, for symptomatic relief of pruritus. In light of the patient's clinical and biochemical improvement while using hydroxyzine, it appears that the hepatic metabolism of hydroxyzine to metabolites, including cetirizine, is not involved in the pathogenesis of this particular case of drug-induced hepatotoxicity. Cetirizine should be considered as a potential cause of drug-induced cholestasis.

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To compare the efficacy of therapeutic doses of 5 mg of levocetirizine and 10 mg Lasix 40 Mg Iv Push of montelukast in ragweed sensitized patients.

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Nasal obstruction is the main symptom in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis. Some new antihistamines have been demonstrated to be capable of improving Periactin Tabs this symptom.

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A high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the quantitative determination Lipitor 20mg Tablets of meperidine hydrochloride in pharmaceutical dosage forms was developed. The method is reproducible and precise with relative standard deviations (based on six readings) of 1.2% with hydroxyzine and 0.93% with hydroxyprogesterone caproate as the internal standards. A variety of other active and inactive ingredients which were mixed with meperidine hydrochloride did not interfere with the assay procedure. Among the ingredients tested were acetaminophen, atropine sulfate, disodium edetate, metacresol, phenol, promethazine, and sodium metabisulfite. This method appears to be stability-indicating since a hydrolyzed sample of meperidine showed zero potency and a new peak with a different retention time.

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Ethylenediamine is an excipient with many Exelon Nuclear Drug Testing industrial and pharmaceutical uses. It is included in creams as a stabilizer and in aminophylline as the counter ion of theophylline. Ethylenediamine is one of the most frequent contact sensitizers, producing local and generalized reactions. Besides, many cases of systemically induced dermatitis have also been described both after oral, rectal and intravenous use. Inhalation of ethylenediamine or aminophylline dust may provoke rhinitis and asthmatic reactions. In contrast to these delayed reactions only one immediate reaction of the urticarial type after intravenous use has been described. Ethylenediamine shows cross-reactions with antihistamines of the ethylenediamine derivative group, with edetate, other amines, piperazine and hydroxyzine. Ethylenediamine shows a short half-life of about 0.55 h and a small volume of distribution of 0.133 l/kg. After oral administration its bioavailability is about 0.34, due to a substantial first-pass effect. Renal excretion of the unchanged substance amounts to only about 18% after intravenous and 3% after oral administration. It behaves independently from theophylline after administration of aminophylline. Good alternatives are now available for the pharmaceutical applications of ethylenediamine. Theophylline itself is well absorbed orally; for the intravenous administration the N-methylglucamine salt is sufficiently soluble. Suppositories containing pure theophylline are commercially available in some countries, but the experience with this product is relatively small.

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Controlled allergen provocation Keflex Capsules in an ECC can be used to test anti-allergic treatment both within and outside of the grass pollen season.

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We have studied the effect of a nonsedating antihistamine, cetirizine dihydrochloride, on the in vitro chemotaxis of leukocytes from human peripheral blood. We observed that 0.25 microgram/ml of cetirizine dihydrochloride in vitro significantly inhibited the chemotaxis of monocytes toward N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine and leukotriene B4. Higher concentrations of cetirizine, 1.0 and 2.5 micrograms/ml, completely inhibited monocyte chemotaxis without affecting cell viability. T-lymphocyte migration was also significantly depressed but not abolished. Pyrilamine (mepyramine) was not inhibitory in equimolar concentrations. According to these in vitro observations, we extended our studies to measure monocyte and T-lymphocyte chemotaxis in an open study, where four healthy volunteers and six patients with atopic dermatitis took 10 and 20 mg/day cetirizine 3 days. We observed a reduction in ex vivo monocyte and T-lymphocyte chemotaxis toward N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine and leukotriene B4 without a reduction of the blood cell count. The results were confirmed in an ensuing double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 16 healthy subjects and 14 adult patients with atopic dermatitis, where ex vivo monocyte chemotaxis was reduced or abolished during cetirizine therapy. Serum levels of the two eosinophil-derived granule proteins, eosinophilcationic protein P and eosinophil protein X, were not changed during the treatment period of 7 days. The results show that cetirizine Naprosyn Medicine dihydrochloride has an inhibitory effect on monocytes and T lymphocytes in vitro and ex vivo. Our findings support the clinical observations that cetirizine dihydrochloride has an antiinflammatory effect besides its H1-blocking activity.

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According to the MEPS, there were 78.60 million older adults in the USA; an estimated 7.51 million (9.56 %) of these older adults used potentially inappropriate anticholinergic medications in 2009-2010. The most frequently used potentially inappropriate anticholinergics Imodium Recommended Dosage were cyclobenzaprine, promethazine, amitriptyline, hydroxyzine and dicyclomine. Multivariable regression analyses revealed that female sex, residing in the South and the presence of anxiety disorder increased the likelihood of receiving potentially inappropriate anticholinergic medications, whereas older adults aged 75-84 or ≥ 85 years, and those with over 15 years of education, had a decreased likelihood of receiving potentially inappropriate anticholinergic medications.

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Keratinocyte cultures established from normal skin of healthy donors were activated by IFNgamma (100-500 U/mL) in the absence or presence of cetirizine (10(-3)-10(3) microM) or hydrocortisone (10(-3)-10(2) microM), and tested for expression of ICAM-1, HLA-DR, MHC class I and CD40 as well as for Suprax 200mg 5ml Suspension Cost release of RANTES, IL-8, macrophage chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF).

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Dissolution data derived via ultraviolet spectrophotometry revealed statistically significant differences in the amount of hydroxyzine hydrochloride being released from its coated structure, the extent of which was Coumadin Online Without Doctor found to be dependent on the acid nature of the simulated gastric dissolution medium used and intensity of mixing action employed.

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We found that problematic intubation was associated Aricept Alcohol Dementia with thyromental distance, increasing neck circumference, BMI, and a Mallampati score of > or = 3. Neck circumference should be assessed preoperatively to predict difficult intubation.