avodart maximum dosage
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of dutasteride on serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels in men with serologic relapse following radical prostatectomy and/or radiation therapy for clinically localized adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
is avodart a prescription drug
TU alone and TU + D treatments were successful in terms of hormone adjustment, did not result in any adverse effects, and were well-tolerated. Bone mineral density decreased by an average of 0.9 g/cm(2) in the TU + L group, and the addition of D resulted in a failure to gain lean mass.
avodart medication dosage
With malignant progression to androgen independence, prostate cancer cells develop resistance to apoptosis and exhibit a variety of gene expression changes, including increased fatty acid synthase (FASN) expression. Increased FASN expression has been shown to correlate with poor prognosis, and correspondingly, the FASN gene has been proposed as a therapeutic target. Because FASN is an androgen regulated gene in the prostate, we have examined the effects of dutasteride on FASN in prostate cancer cells in vitro. Dutasteride is a novel dual inhibitor of the 5 alpha-reductase enzymes and is currently in use both for treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and in the reduction by dutasteride of prostate cancer events (REDUCE) prostate cancer prevention trial.
This multicenter, international, double-blind, randomized study included men 50 years old or older with International Prostate Symptom Score 12 or greater, prostate volume 30 cc or greater, total prostate specific antigen 1.5 to 10.0 ng/ml, maximum urinary flow greater than 5 and less than or equal to 15 ml per second and minimum voided volume 125 ml or greater. Patients were randomized to dutasteride (0.5 mg) and/or tamsulosin (0.4 mg) but results are reported without respect to treatment. International Prostate Symptom Score and Patient Perception of Study Medication responses were assessed at baseline and at 3-month intervals for 48 months. Using pooled data Patient Perception of Study Medication responses were correlated with changes in International Prostate Symptom Score from baseline for 2 Patient Perception of Study Medication measures, including 1) total score and 2) overall satisfaction on question 11, "Overall how satisfied are you with the study medication and its effect on your urinary problems?"
To evaluate whether baseline prostate atrophy (PA) extent is associated with prostate cancer (PCa) incidence at 2-year repeat prostate biopsy in a clinical trial with systematic biopsies.
avodart 0 5 mg
Administration of Te/placebo elevated Te by 2.8-fold, DHT by 2.6-fold, and E(2) concentrations by 1.9-fold above placebo/placebo. Te/dutasteride and Te/anastrozole reduced stimulated DHT and E(2) by 89 and 86%, respectively. Stepwise forward-selection regression analysis revealed that 1) Te positively determines mean (P = 0.017) and peak (P < 0.001) GH concentrations, basal GH secretion (P = 0.015), and pulsatile GH secretion stimulated by GHRP-2 (P < 0.001); 2) Te and E(2) jointly predict GH responses to the triple stimulus (positively for Te, P = 0.006, and negatively for E(2), P = 0.031); and 3) DHT correlates positively with pulsatile GH secretion during SS infusion (P = 0.011). These effects persisted when abdominal visceral fat was included in the regression.
avodart recommended dosage
Overall, 2547 (36%) and 2488 (35%) case and control patients, respectively, had a diagnosis of BPH (P = .30), and 109 (1.5%) and 141 (2.0%) of case and control patients, respectively, had been exposed to finasteride prior to the index date (matched odds ratio, 0.77; 95% confidence interval, 0.59-1.00; P = .04). There was no suggestion of a dose-response relationship between exposure to 5-alpha reductase inhibitors when the exposure was stratified into tertiles of total exposure (P = .12). By contrast, there was a slightly higher prevalence of alpha-blocker use in case vs control patients (32% vs 30%, respectively; P = .04).
avodart generic name
At 4 years, combination therapy resulted in significantly superior improvements from baseline in BII and IPSS Q8 than either monotherapy; these benefits were observed from 3 months onwards compared with dutasteride and from 9 months (BII) or 12 months (IPSS Q8) onwards compared with tamsulosin. Also at 4 years, the PPSM questionnaire showed that a significantly higher proportion of patients was satisfied with, and would request treatment with, combination therapy compared with either monotherapy.
avodart generic finasteride
A retrospective analysis using the PharMetrics Integrated Medical and Pharmaceutical Database (Watertown, Mass) was conducted to assess economic differences in patients who were initiated on dutasteride or finasteride. The database is nationally representative, encompassing administrative claims from more than 45 million patients within 85 managed healthcare plans. Male patients aged >50 years with a diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia who began 5-alpha reductase inhibitor (5ARI) treatment (dutasteride or finasteride) between January 1, 1999, and March 1, 2005, were identified. Patients eligible for study inclusion were matched (1 dutasteride: 3 finasteride) on 4 variables (measured during the 6-month period before their first 5ARI prescription): age, presence of acute urinary retention, total amount of enlarged prostate (EP)-specific charges (+/- $1), and the duration of follow-up (measured in months). EP-specific charges were defined as the total amount charged for EP-specific physician visits, inpatient hospitalizations, outpatient hospital care, emergency department visits, and other ancillary services during the follow-up period for each patient, expressed as average monthly costs.
avodart dosage hair loss
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common problem affecting middle-aged and elderly men. First-line medical therapy includes alpha 1blockers and 5alpha-reductase inhibitors (5ARIs), such as finasteride and dutasteride. 5ARI use has been associated with adverse sexual outcomes, including erectile dysfunction (ED), ejaculatory dysfunction (EjD), and decreased libido.
avodart generic equivalent
The expected lifetime costs were estimated by modelling the incidence of acute urinary retention (AUR), BPH-related surgery and clinical progression over a patient's lifetime (up to 25 years). A model was developed to simulate clinical events over time, based on a discrete Markov process with 6 mutually exclusive health states and annual cycle length.
Although modeling of REDUCE data showed a similar incidence of Gleason 8-10 cancer in the dutasteride and placebo groups at year 4, an association between dutasteride and Gleason 8-10 cancer cannot be definitely excluded. It is likely that several biases, notably study design and prostate size at the time of biopsy, contributed to the numerical imbalance in Gleason 8-10 cancers observed between the treatment groups in years 3-4.