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Tamsulosin may have a different effect on the bladder and/or the neuronal pathways that is unrelated to ATP, so the combination of tamsulosin and solifenacin may synergistically inhibit urinary frequency after bladder stimulation.
To investigate the clinical effect of tamsulosin for the treatment of functional bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in adult women.
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Contractions following concomitant confrontation of human prostate tissue with noradrenaline and endothelin-1 are not additive. Endothelin-1 is sufficient to induce a smooth muscle tone resembling that of noradrenaline. This may replace lacking α1 -adrenergic tone under therapy with α1 -blockers, explaining the limited efficacy of α1 -blockers in LUTS treatment. Contractions by thromboxane and endothelin-1 may be additive, and may exceed α1 -adrenergic tone. Prostate © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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• To investigate the influence of baseline variables on the 4-year incidence of acute urinary retention (AUR), benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-related surgery and overall clinical progression in men treated with tamsulosin, dutasteride, or a combination of both.
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It has recently been demonstrated that specific adrenoceptors subtypes (alpha(1A)/alpha(1D)) are prevalent in the distal part of the ureter, a finding supporting the interesting results obtained by different groups with the use of tamsulosin in the treatment of distal ureteral calculi. We performed a prospective randomized study to evaluate the effects of the addition of tamsulosin on our standard pharmacological therapy for the treatment of selected ureteral stones. A total of 64 patients referred to our department for the management of symptomatic ureteral calculi were considered. Patients were randomly divided into two treatment groups: group A (n=32) who received diclofenac (100 mg/daily) plus aescin (80 mg/daily) and group B (n=32) who received the same therapy plus tamsulosin (0.4 mg/daily) for a maximum of 2 weeks. No significant differences were found between the groups for age, gender distribution and mean stone size measured in the single largest dimension at presentation. The stone expulsion rate was 60% (19/32 patients) for group A and 88% for (28/32) for group B with a mean expulsion time of 7.4+/-2.2 (range 3.5-12) and 4.8+/-2.7 days (range 1.8-10.5), respectively. Group B showed a significant advantage in terms of both expulsion rate (P=0.01) and expulsion time (P=0.005). Different analgesics from those used in the standard treatment regimen were required in ten patients in group A (31%) but only three patients in group B (9%). This difference was significant (P=0.003). Hospitalization for recurrent colic was needed in 21% of patients in group A (7/32) and in 9% in group B (3/32) (P=0.01). Only two patients in each group (6%) experienced minor side effects associated with the expulsive therapy. Our data confirm the efficacy of tamsulosin in the treatment of distal ureteral stones up to 1 cm. This selective alpha-blocker should therefore be included in the pharmacological regimen of patients when a conservative approach is considered in the treatment of ureteral lithiasis.
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Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is treated by use of various protocols. We compared tamsulosin monotherapy with tamsulosin in combination with antibiotics or anti-inflammatory agents and evaluated the efficacy of these treatments in patients with CPPS.
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IPSS significantly decreased after the administration of tamsulosin from 16 +/- 1 to 8 +/- 1 (n = 28, P <0.0001 ), and 76.7% of the patients had an improved IPSS of 25% or greater. Qmax was significantly increased in group IL (P = 0.03) but not in group H. Of the patients in group IL, 53.3% had a Qmax response (an increase of Qmax of 30% or more); 15.4% did so in group H (P = 0.04). The area density of smooth muscle cells was 48.1 +/- 3.7% in group IL (n = 9) and 36.7 +/- 3.2% in group H (n = 7, P = 0.04).
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In the 15 batches of different phytotherapeutic agents tested no interference secondary to contamination with alpha-blockers or 5alpha-reductase inhibitors was observed.
Objective. With this review, we provide a comprehensive overview of the main aspects and currently used drugs for analgesia in shockwave lithotripsy. Evidence Acquisition. We reviewed current literature, concentrating on newer articles and high-quality reviews in international journals. Results. No standardized protocols for pain control in SWL exist, although it is crucial for treatment outcome. General and spinal anaesthesia show excellent pain control but are only recommended for selected cases. The newer opioids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are able to deliver good analgesia. Interest in inhalation anaesthesia with nitrous oxide, local anaesthesia with deep infiltration of the tissue, and dermal anaesthesia with EMLA or DMSO has recently rekindled, showing good results in terms of pain control and a favourable side effect profile. Tamsulosin and paracetamol are further well-known drugs being currently investigated. Conclusion. Apart from classically used drugs like opioids and NSARs, medicaments like nitrous oxide, paracetamol, DMSA, or refined administration techniques for infiltration anaesthesia show a good effectiveness in pain control for SWL.
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To determine occurrence of features of intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) during cataract surgery in patients taking systemic alpha-antagonists (AA).
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Treatment with tamsulosin for symptomatic BPH patients is associated with significant improvement in the generic HRQOL, in addition to disease-specific QOL and symptoms, at 3 months after drug administration. In particularly, for generic HRQOL with SF-36, tamsulosin treatment can efficiently improve three mean SF-36 subscales (BP, SF and MH) that are decreased in older BPH patients.
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We evaluate the efficiency of α-adrenergic antagonists on stone clearance after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in patients with lower ureteral stones.