Generic Imdur is an effective medication which helps in the treatment of angina attacks. Generic Imdur acts as nitrates.
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Also known as: Isosorbide Mononitrate.
Generic Imdur is a perfect remedy, which helps to treat angina attacks.
Generic Imdur acts as nitrates.
Imdur is also known as Isosorbide Mononitrate.
Generic name of Generic Imdur is Isosorbide Mononitrate.
Brand names of Generic Imdur are Imdur, ISMO, Monoket.
Take Generic Imdur tablets orally with or without food.
Do not crush or chew it.
Take Generic Imdur at the same time with water.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Imdur suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Imdur and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Generic Imdur are difficult or slow breathing, muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, high temperature, fainting, abnormal heartbeat, changes in vision, flushing, convulsions, severe throbbing migraine, lightheadedness.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Imdur are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Imdur if you are allergic to Generic Imdur components.
Do not take Generic Imdur if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby.
Do not use potassium supplements or salt substitutes.
Be careful using Generic Imdur if you take dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45); or any other heart medicines, especially those used to treat high blood pressure or irregular heartbeats.
Be careful using Generic Imdur if you suffer from or have a history of congestive heart failure, have low blood pressure; a stroke, a transient ischemic attack (TIA, or mini-stroke), have anemia; have an allergy to nitrates; have closed-angle glaucoma; migraines, kidney disease; liver disease, heart attack, a serious head injury.
If you want to achieve most effective results without any side effects it is better to avoid alcohol.
Be very careful when you are driving machine.
Do not stop taking Generic Imdur suddenly.
Isosorbide dinitrate inhibits platelet function in vivo at concentrations about 10 times lower than in vitro (10(-7)-10(-6) vs. 10(-6)-10(-5) M). We investigated two possible reasons for this difference. Isosorbide dinitrate and its in vivo longer-lived metabolites, isosorbide-2- and isosorbide-5-mononitrate were incubated for 5 min with human platelet-rich plasma or washed platelets; irreversible aggregation was induced with threshold doses of ADP, adrenaline, collagen, arachidonic acid and thrombin, and thromboxane (TX) B2 production was measured by radioimmunoassay. Moreover, the concentration of exogenous prostacyclin required to inhibit platelet aggregation by 50% (IC50) after preincubation with isosorbide dinitrate or vehicle was determined. At 10(-7) M, only isosorbide-2-mononitrate inhibited aggregation (-12%, p less than 0.05) and TX production (-36%, p less than 0.01) by ADP. At 10(-6) M isosorbide-2-mononitrate inhibited aggregation by adrenaline more than the dinitrate (-41% vs. -25%, p less than 0.05). In addition, at supra-threshold doses of all the aggregating agents, isosorbide dinitrate decreased IC50 of prostacyclin from 2.7 +/- 1.2 to 0.36 +/- 0.2 nM. Generation of a platelet-active metabolite and synergism with prostacyclin are new properties of isosorbide dinitrate that may account for antiplatelet effects in vivo.
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To examine the effectiveness and safety of outpatient vaginal administration of isosorbide mononitrate (IMN) to induce cervical ripening.
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Isosorbide mononitrate, when used as intravenous infusion, have a rapid and direct effect on systemic and pulmonary circulation, and improving segmental motility and left ventricular performance in patients with impaired left ventricular motility caused by ischemic heart disease.
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The efficacy of the isosorbide mononitrate preparations ISMN-20 (elantan 20) and ISMN-50 (elantan long) and the influence of the time of dosage on the quality of life was investigated in 3624 patients with the clinical diagnosis coronary heart disease and stable angina pectoris in an open multi-center trial. The frequency of attacks was significantly reduced (p less than 0.001) during 4 weeks of therapy. 35.4% of patients were free from attacks by the end of the trial. Consumption of acute nitrates decreased from an average of 5 to 2 applications per week. Circadian rhythm in the patients' profile of attacks remained unchanged under mononitrate therapy which allows the conclusion that this therapy is well adapted to the daily routine. The times of dosage of ISMN-20 (in the morning and at lunch-time or in the morning and in the evening) both had an identically good effect on the reduction of the attacks at night. ISMN-20 as well as ISMN-50 proved to provide efficient protection at night. After 4 weeks of therapy 86% of the patients showed an improvement of the loads of daily routine (climbing stairs, fast walking etc.). 71% noted an improvement in former limited recreational activities and 76.5% a relief concerning former limited activities in their job. 79.6% of patients felt an improvement of their quality of life by the mononitrate treatment. 70.8% of study patients were motivated for a consequent long-term therapy with the mononitrate with priority for the sustained release preparation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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During the night/morning hours, healthy controls demonstrated faster HF max. velocity (P=0.002) and higher HF gradient (P=0.011) than angina patients. Metoprolol and IS-5-MN increased the HF gradient (P=0.008 and P=0.003, respectively), and metoprolol tended to increase the max. velocity (P=0.02). Metoprolol substantially decreased the LF/HF gradient (P=0.001), velocity (P=0.008) and max. velocity (P=0.0001).
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IMN did not shorten the admission to delivery interval as compared with placebo [mean difference of -1.6 hours (95% CI -5.1,1.9, P = 0.37)], despite being more effective than placebo in inducing a change in Bishop score [mean difference of 0.65 (95% CI 0.14,1.17, P = 0.013)]. While both groups found the overall experience of home treatment to be positive, (mean score of 3.8/10 +/- 2.3/10 for the IMN group, where 1 = extremely good and 10 = not at all good) women in the placebo group found it marginally more positive than those in the IMN group (just over half a unit on a 10-point scale, P = 0.043). There were no differences between the groups in the pain or anxiety experienced or willingness to take the treatment in a subsequent pregnancy.
Many non-hormonal methods for labour induction still require further evidence to support their use within the clinical setting. Balloon catheter seems to be a more widely accepted non-hormonal method that has been supported by various literatures.
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1. The hypotensive effects of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN, 0.5 mg kg-1) but not of 3-morpholino-sydnonimine (SIN-1, 0.125 mg kg-1) in anaesthetized rats were attenuated following a seven day (using a q.i.d. dosing schedule) oral treatment with isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN; 5 mg kg-1) indicative of the induction of tolerance to GTN but not to SIN-1. The hypotensive effects of GTN did not decline when the sulphydryl (SH) containing angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-1), captopril (CPT, 5 mg kg-1) or the structurally unrelated SH-containing, N-acetylcysteine (NAC, 10 mg kg-1) but not the non-SH-containing ACE-I, enalaprilat (ENA, 5 mg kg-1) were given together with IS-5-MN for the seven days treatment. 2. The attenuated hypotensive effects of GTN (0.5 mg kg-1) in rats treated with IS-5-MN were also restored when CPT (1 mg kg-1) or NAC (2.5 mg kg-1) but not ENA (1 mg kg-1) was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) 30 min before GTN. Furthermore, in control rats, CPT or NAC but not ENA given i.p. 30 min before GTN, potentiated its haemodynamic effects. These effects were blocked by methylene blue (10 mg kg-1). At the same doses, CPT or NAC did not affect the hypotensive effects of SIN-1. 3. The reduced ability of cultured tolerant smooth muscle cells (SMC, 24 x 103 cells) or endothelial cells(EC, 40 x 103 cells) to potentiate the anti-platelet effects of GTN (44 microM) was restored by CPT or NAC but not by ENA or glutathione (all at 0.5 mM). Potentiation of the anti-platelet effects of tolerant SMC or EC by CPT or NAC was abolished by co-incubation with oxyhaemoglobin (Oxy-Hb, 10 microM)indicative of nitric oxide (NO) formation.4. When GTN (150-2400 microM) was incubated with CPT, NAC or glutathione but not ENA (all at 0.1 mM) for 30 min in Krebs buffer at 37 degrees C a concentration-dependent increase in nitrite (NO2-)formation was observed. 5. The antiplatelet effects of GTN (5.5-352 microM) were potentiated by co-incubation with CPT or NAC but not with ENA or glutathione (all at 0.5 mM). The concentration of GTN required to inhibit platelet aggregation by 50% (IC50) was 110 +/- 2 microM for GTN alone, 14 +/- 2 microM for GTN in the presence of NAC and 30 +/- 2 microM for GTN in the presence of CPT. The potentiation of the effects of GTN by CPT or NAC was inhibited by co-incubation with Oxy-Hb (10 microM). By themselves, CPT or NAC did not inhibit platelet aggregation.6. The ability of CPT to restore (a) the haemodynamic effects of GTN in tolerant rats and (b) the reduced capacity of tolerant SMC or EC to potentiate the anti-platelet effects of GTN is not related to its ACE inhibitory activity.7. CPT also potentiated the hypotensive effects of GTN in non-tolerant rats, and in vitro CPT released NO from GTN in the absence of a GTN to NO converting cell, so that it is unlikely that reversal of tolerance by CPT is due to the replenishment of intracellular thiols. Rather it can be explained by the ability of CPT to release NO from GTN in the extracellular space. This extracellular formation of NO from GTN by CPT would then compensate for the impaired enzymic biotransformation of GTN to NO that develops during tolerance as was originally proposed for NAC.
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Using the non-surgical rat mesenteric window angiogenesis assay, we studied the systemic effect of (i) the nitric oxide (NO)-releasing vasodilator isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISMN) and (ii) the NO-synthase inhibitor L-NAME on angiogenesis induced by the intraperitoneal injection of bFGF and VEGF165. The response was assessed objectively and quantitatively by microscopic morphometry and image analysis in terms of the vascularized area (VA; a measurement of microvessel spatial extension), the microvascular length (MVL; a composite measurement of microvessel density), the total microvascular length (TMVL=VA x MVL), the number of microvessel segments per unit tissue volume (No. MS), the length of the microvessel segments (Le. MS) and the degree of microvessel tortuosity (MVT). Additional architectural features of the network were assessed in terms of variables introduced here: the number of microvessel branching points per unit tissue volume (No. BP), the index of interconnecting microvessel loop formation (In. LF), the index of microvessel intersection (In. IS), the number of microvessel sprouts per unit tissue volume (No. SP) and their length (Le. SP). In bFGF-mediated angiogenesis, L-NAME significantly, augmented angiogenesis, whereas ISMN significantly inhibited angiogenesis. By contrast, neither L-NAME nor ISMN affected the angiogenic response to VEGF165.
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Isosorbide-mononitrate used alone or in combination with beta blockers does not seem to offer any reduction in bleeding in the primary or secondary prevention of oesophageal varices. Compared with endoscopic therapy, there may be a survival advantage in using IsMn and beta-blockers, but additional large multicentre trials are needed to verify this finding.
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Although high concentrations of NO are cytotoxic, it is unlikely that administration of NO at an increased dose would be useful in the management of oral cancer because this would result in unacceptable systemic side effects. The possible manipulation of NO in oral cancer is discussed.
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The influence of food on the absorption characteristics of slow release isosorbide-5-mononitrate tablets was investigated in 10 normal healthy volunteers. There were no differences in the peak concentration achieved or the area under the curve, but the peak concentration occurred later when the drug was administered after food. The apparent elimination half-life ranged from 4.7 to 10.1 h. Bioavailability of slow-release isosorbide-5-mononitrate is therefore unaffected by food, but there is a slower rate of absorption.
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