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Prandin (Repaglinide)

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Prandin is an efficacious medical preparation in fight against type 2 diabetes. Prandin acts by controlling and decreasing glucose (sugar in blood).

Other names for this medication:
Dexanorm, Diarepa, Enyglid, Glimet, Glukenil, Hipover, Nomopil, Novade, Novonorm, Prandil, Premil, Rapilin, Regan, Reglin, Reodon, Repaglid, Repaglinid, Repaglinida, Repaglinide, Repaglinidum, Sestrine, Singlin, Supernide, Eurepa, Repage, Page, Repide, Repa

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Also known as:  Repaglinide.


Prandin is created with extremely active ingredients with aim to make Prandin ideal remedy against type 2 diabetes. Target of Prandin is to control sugar level in blood.

Prandin acts by controlling and decreasing glucose (sugar in blood). You can use it in case exercise and diet does not help.

Prandin is also known as Repaglinide, Eurepa, GlucoNorm, NovoNorm, Rapilin.

Prandin is an oral anti-diabetic drug. It can be taken together with anti-diabetic medication as Glucophage.

Prandin is not taken to treat type 1 diabetes.

You can normally take insulin while using Prandin.


It is better to take Prandin orally every day at the same time.

Usual Prandin dosage is 0.5mg - 4mg, which is taken 2-4 times a day before meal.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Prandin suddenly.


If you overdose Prandin and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Prandin overdosage: troublesome, retching, flushing, migraine, short breath, weakness, sweating, coma, fainting, muscle pain, hunger, pain of stomach, tremors, extreme fatigue, dizziness, seizure, slow heartbeat, dyspepsia, feeling cold, lack of appetite, fast heartbeat.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Prandin are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Prandin if you are allergic to Prandin components.

Be careful with Prandin if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Prandin is not taken to treat type 1 diabetes.

You can normally take insulin while using Prandin.

Do not use Prandin in case of having type 1 diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis, liver disease, poor adrenal, pituitary function.

Try to be careful with Prandin in case of using such medication as sulfa drugs (Gantanol); isoniazid; niacin (Nicobid); water pills (thiazide diuretics HydroDIURIL, Dyazide); beta blockers (blood pressure medications as Tenormin, Inderal); barbiturates (sedatives as Nembutal, Seconal); calcium channel blockers (blood pressure medications as Procardia, Cardizem); Rifampin (Rimactane, Rifadin); oral contraceptives; ketoconazole (Nizoral); chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin); nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Voltaren, Motrin, Advil, Naprosyn); blood thinners (Miradon, Dicumarol); steroids as prednisone; furosemide as Lasix; clarithromycin as Biaxin; thyroid medications as Synthroid; phenytoin as Dilantin; Probenecid (ColBENEMID, Benemid); estrogens (Premarin); aspirin; erythromycin (PCE, Eryc, Ery-Tab); MAO inhibitors (antidepressants Parnate, Marplan, Nardil); glucose lowering agents (Micronase, Glucotrol); carbamazepine (Tegretol); major tranquilizers (Stelazine, Mellaril).

You can use Prandin in case exercise and diet does not help.

Prandin can be taken together with anti-diabetic medication as Glucophage.

Try to avoid unhealthy food.

Avoid consuming alcohol.

Do not stop taking Prandin suddenly.

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In Germany, coverage decisions in the statutory health insurance (SHI) system are based on the principles of evidence-based medicine. Recently, an evidence assessment by the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) of the oral antidiabetics of the glinide class showed that their long-term benefit is not proven. Accordingly, the responsible Federal Joint Committee (G-BA) decided to exclude glinides from prescription in the SHI system. This was, however, objected to by the Ministry of Health, which is charged with legal supervision. We use this case to illustrate the path from evidence assessments to coverage decisions in Germany against the background of the latest health reform, which has changed the legal requirements for evidence assessments and the ensuing coverage decisions.

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The lipid and ethanol concentration affected the physicochemical attributes and performance of ethosomes. The flexible ethosomes permeated the stratum corneum and improvized the availability of RPG for antidiabetic action. They prolonged the antidiabetic effect of RPG over a significantly longer period of time in comparison with the equivalent oral dose.

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To establish whether the effect of SLCO1B1[encoding organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1)] c.521T-->C (p.Val174Ala) polymorphism on the pharmacokinetics of repaglinide is dose-dependent.

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Cytochrome P450 2C8 (CYP2C8) plays a major role in the metabolism of therapeutically important drugs which exhibit large interindividual differences in their pharmacokinetics. In order to evaluate any genetic influence on this variation, a CYP2C8 phenotype-genotype evaluation was carried out in Caucasians. Two novel CYP2C8 haplotypes, named B and C with frequencies of 24 and 22% in Caucasians, respectively, were identified and caused a significantly increased and reduced paclitaxel 6alpha-hydroxylation, respectively, as evident from analyses of 49 human liver samples. In healthy white subjects, CYP2C8*3 and the two novel haplotypes significantly influenced repaglinide pharmacokinetics in SLCO1B1c.521T/C heterozygous individuals: haplotype B was associated with reduced and haplotype C with increased repaglinide AUC (0-infinity). Functional studies suggested -271C>A (CYP2C8*1B) as a causative SNP in haplotype B. In conclusion, two novel common CYP2C8 haplotypes were identified and significantly associated with altered rate of CYP2C8-dependent drug metabolism in vitro and in vivo.

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Records were retrieved from the Cochrane clinical controlled trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Wanfang, Chinese Technical Periodicals, and ongoing trials databases, and full texts and reference lists were screened. Because no study has directly compared patients consuming different types of diet, fixed- and random-effect models were used to indirectly compare the hypoglycemic effect of acarbose monotherapy with that of placebo and/or comparator drugs in patients with T2DM consuming an Eastern (Eastern Asia) or Western (including Europe and North America) diet.

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The effect of repaglinide and gliclazide on postmeal suppression of endogenous glucose production (EGP) has been studied using a variable-rate tracer methodology. Groups of age-, sex-, and weight-matched type 2 diabetic subjects randomized to gliclazide or repaglinide were studied after ingesting a standard mixed meal (550 kcal; 67% carbohydrate, 19% fat, 14% protein). Plasma glucose profiles were similar in each group and markedly different from that of a nondiabetic control group. Endogenous glucose production was similar basally (3.01 +/- 0.30 vs 3.06 +/- 0.19 mg/kg per minute, gliclazide and repaglinide, respectively). After glucose ingestion, EGP declined rapidly in both the groups until 30 minutes and the greatest suppression was reached earlier in the repaglinide group [0.88 mg/kg per minute at 120 minutes vs 0.77 mg/kg per minute at 210 minutes in gliclazide group (P < .05); median time, 85 vs 195 minutes, respectively (P < .05)]. The area under the curve (30-150) for EGP was significantly greater in the gliclazide group than in the nondiabetic control group (109 +/- 11 vs 198 +/- 22 mg/kg per min 2 ; P > .02) but not significantly different in the repaglinide group (153 +/- 25 mg/kg per min 2 ; P = .17). Repaglinide has minimal physiological advantage over gliclazide, but both therapies for type 2 diabetes fall far short of correcting the endocrine and metabolic abnormalities.

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In group A, the fasting blood glucose (FBG) and 30-, 60-, 120- min postprandial blood glucose (PBG), as well as hemoglobin A1c were decreased significantly (P<0.05). In group B, the 60-min and 120-min PBG decreased remarkably (P<0.05), but FBG, 30-min PBG and A1c decreased with no statistical significance (P>0.05). After 12 weeks treatment, the 30-, 60-, 120-min postprandial insulin level, area under the curve of insulin and C peptide (0 to 120 min) increased in both groups (P<0.05). No significant difference was found between the effects of repaglinide and nateglinide on early phase insulin secretion.

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Pharmacokinetic parameters did not show significant changes after single or multiple doses of repaglinide, although the elimination rate constant in the group with severe renal impairment decreased after 1 week of treatment. Subjects with severe impairment had significantly higher area under the curve values after single and multiple doses of repaglinide than subjects with normal renal function. No significant differences in values for maximum serum concentration or time to reach maximum concentration were detected between subjects with renal impairment and those with normal renal function. Hemodialysis did not significantly affect repaglinide clearance.

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In this paper we analyse the discrepancies that exist in the widespread prescription of metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes and the lack of guidelines concerning its prescription in the different stages of renal failure. This cross-sectional study includes 304 patients with type 2 diabetes treated with oral antidiabetic drugs (ADOs) and a glomerular filtration rate (estimated GFR) <60ml/min/1.73m2. Patients were attended in consecutive visits to primary health centres or in hospital departments of endocrinology or nephrology during 2010. We studied the frequency of metformin and other ADO prescriptions according to renal function and the department in which the patient was treated. The ADO most frequently prescribed was metformin (54.9%), followed by repaglinide (47.7%), DPP4 inhibitors (28.6%), and sulfonylureas (18.4%). However, in nephrology departments, repaglinide was more frequently prescribed than metformin (P<.001), whereas in primary health centres, the prescription of DPP4 inhibitors increased. In patients with an estimated GFR of 15-29ml/min/1.73m2, metformin (13.3%) and sulfonylureas were the least prescribed, whereas metformin was much more frequently prescribed (70.0%) when estimated GFR was 45-59ml/min/1.73m2 (P<.001). In contrast, patients with an estimated GFR of 15-29ml/min/1.73m2 were mainly prescribed repaglinide (76.7%), as opposed to patients with an estimated GFR of 45-59ml/min/1.73m2 (38.9%) (P<.001). Substantial evidence suggests that the recommendations for the use of ADO should be modified. This would lead to safely prescribing ADO in patients with an estimated GFR<60ml/min/1.73m2, and more importantly in medical practice, according to the law.

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Oral hypoglycemic agents bind to the ATP-sensitive potassium channel and lower glucose levels effectively in individuals with diabetes. Although the principle mechanism of action can also promote hypoglycemia, clinically profound hypoglycemia is rare. Decreased stimulation of insulin secretion by these agents at mild hypoglycemia could provide protection from more profound hypoglycemia. Sulfonylureas and meglitinides bind to both shared and unique sites on the ATP-sensitive potassium receptor/channel complex but have different pharmacokinetic profiles. To evaluate the differential ability of both sulfonylureas and meglitinides to stimulate insulin release at modest hypoglycemia, we evaluated dextrose infusion rates necessary to maintain plasma glucose after oral administration of repaglinide (1 mg) or glipizide (5 mg) at euglycemia and again at modest hypoglycemia. Healthy subjects with no family history of diabetes underwent four clamp studies, two performed while maintaining isoglycemia (glucose levels at the fasted value) and two while maintaining modest hypoglycemia of 2.78 mmol/liter (50 mg/dl) induced by low-dose insulin infusion (3.6 pmol/kg.min). There was a marked decrease in the dextrose infusion rate with administration of either repaglinide or glipizide at hypoglycemia compared with drug administration at euglycemia (P

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The carbamoylbenzoic acid derivative repaglinide is a potent short-acting insulin secretagogue that acts by closing ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels in the plasma membrane of the pancreatic beta cell. In this paper we investigated. the specificity of repaglinide for three types of cloned (KATP) channel composed of the inwardly rectifying potassium channel Kir6.2 and either the sulphonylurea receptor SUR1, SUR2A or SUR2B, corresponding to the beta cell, cardiac and either smooth muscle types of KATP channel, respectively.

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Chronic kidney disease, or renal impairment (RI) can increase plasma levels for drugs that are primarily renally cleared and for some drugs whose renal elimination is not a major pathway. We constructed physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models for 3 nonrenally eliminated drugs (sildenafil, repaglinide, and telithromycin). These models integrate drug-dependent parameters derived from in vitro, in silico, and in vivo data, and system-dependent parameters that are independent of the test drugs. Plasma pharmacokinetic profiles of test drugs were simulated in subjects with severe RI and normal renal function, respectively. The simulated versus observed areas under the concentration versus time curve changes (AUCR, severe RI/normal) were comparable for sildenafil (2.2 vs 2.0) and telithromycin (1.6 vs 1.9). For repaglinide, the initial, simulated AUCR was lower than that observed (1.2 vs 3.0). The underestimation was corrected once the estimated changes in transporter activity were incorporated into the model. The simulated AUCR values were confirmed using a static, clearance concept model. The PBPK models were further used to evaluate the changes in pharmacokinetic profiles of sildenafil metabolite by RI and of telithromycin by RI and co-administration with ketoconazole. The simulations demonstrate the utility and challenges of the PBPK approach in evaluating the pharmacokinetics of nonrenally cleared drugs in subjects with RI.

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prandin generic price list 2015-01-03

Repaglinide is a newly developed oral blood glucose-lowering agent that exerts its effect by stimulating insulin secretion. This multicenter study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of this drug with glyburide in a 1- Urispas Tablet Price year randomized double-blind study of outpatients with type 2 diabetes.

prandin generic form 2015-01-29

SLC30A8 rs13266634 Neem 950 Mg and rs16889462 polymorphisms were associated with repaglinide therapeutic efficacy in Chinese T2DM patients.

buy prandin online 2016-07-24

More than 10 classes of noninsulin treatments are available for T2DM. However, most treatments have been evaluated only in trials in patients aged <65 years, and trials in older populations are scarce. Therefore, health care providers should consider the overall benefit to risk, with a focus on risk factors in older patients. A1C reductions range from 0.6% to 2%, with similar decreases observed for metformin, TZDs, sulfonylureas (SUs), glinides, and GLP-1 receptor agonists Treatment-associated adverse events vary. The prevalence of hypoglycemia is high with the secretagogues, SUs, and glinides (20% with glibenclamide or glipizide, 16% with repaglinide). The TZDs have been associated with an increased risk for heart failure (adjusted ratio = 1.60; 95% CI, 1.21- 4 Viagra Pills 2.10; P < 0.001) compared with the other oral therapies. Gastrointestinal adverse events have been commonly reported with metformin (38% of patients), which is contraindicated in cases of renal insufficiency. Use of the GLP-1 RAs liraglutide and exenatide have been associated with comparable weight reductions of ∼3 kg and with a low risk for hypoglycemia (prevalence, 4% with exenatide 10 μg; ∼5% with liraglutide 1.2 or 1.8 mg). Treatment with the GLP-1 RAs has been associated with transient gastrointestinal reactions, mainly nausea.

prandin renal dosing 2015-03-24

Insulin therapy safely reversed chronic weight loss in patients with CFRD Motrin Pediatric Dosing FH-.

repaglinide prandin 2 mg 2017-05-18

The objective of the present investigation was to evaluate gastro-retentive performance and pharmacokinetic parameters of optimized floating microspheres (RgFMCS4) consisting of (i) calcium silicate (CS) as porous carrier; (ii) repaglinide (Rg), an oral hypoglycemic agent; and (iii) Eudragit S (ES) as polymer. The optimized formulation demonstrated favorable in-vitro-floating and drug release characteristics. The gastro-retentive behavior of this optimized formulation was compared with non-floating microspheres (RgNFM) prepared from the identical polymer. Stability test of (99m)Tc-labeled formulations were carried out using appropriate standard buffer solutions of pH 2.0, 6.8 and 7.4. The organ distribution study was performed in albino rats in order to measure labeling efficiency of the formulation with (99m)Tc. The gamma scintigraphy of the formulations was carried out in albino rabbits to monitor the transit of RgFMCS4 and RgNFM in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Prolonged gastric residence Arcoxia Tablets time (GRT) of over 6 h was achieved in all animals for calcium silicate based floating microspheres of Rg. Rg loaded optimized formulation was orally administered to albino rabbits and blood samples were used to determine pharmacokinetic parameters of Rg from floating microspheres, which were compared with pharmacokinetic parameters of the marketed tablet formulation. The relative bioavailability of Rg loaded floating microspheres was found to be increased about 3.17 times in comparison to that of the marketed tablet. The enhanced bioavailability and eliminated half-lives of Rg formulation observed in the present study are attributed to the floating nature of the designed formulations.

prandin gel 2016-10-07

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most important non-communicable disease after hypertension. Prevalence of type 2 DM has progressively increased over the last decades. In Italy, 11.8% of the general adult population can be identified as diabetic. The major complication of DM is diabetic nephropathy (DM-CKD), which develops in approximately one-third of diabetics. Achieving optimal glycemic control is the first therapeutic goal in the management of DM-CKD. In recent years, new antidiabetic drugs have been marketed (GLP1 analogues, DPP-4 inhibitors, SGLT-2 inhibitors) to ameliorate glycemia in patients nave or treated by means of traditional agents, such as sulfonylureas, metformin, glinides, insulin. However, use of these drugs Zoloft Higher Alcohol Tolerance in DM-CKD should be evaluated carefully, mainly because of the higher risk of hypoglycemia that requires dosing adjustments. Metformin still represents an adequate choice if proper dose adjustments are made on the basis of renal function. Sulfonylureas with limited renal clearance, i.e., gliquidone, glipizide and gliclazide are an alternative to metformin and more effective than repaglinide on glycemic control. Other antidiabetic agents with potential nephroprotective effects, namely DPP-4 inhibitors, incretin analogues and SGLT-2 inhibitors, may allow nephroprotective effects independent of glycemic control. Insulin remains the cornerstone of therapy when oral therapy is no longer effective.

prandin dosage diabetes 2015-09-14

Repaglinide is an efficient anti-diabetic drug which is prescribed widely as multi-dosage oral daily regimens. Due to the low compliance inherent to each multi-dosage regimen, development of prolonged-release formulations could enhance the overall Seroquel Xr Reviews Anxiety drug efficacy in patient populations.

prandin repaglinide dose 2016-12-25

Diabetes mellitus is a common disease in older people, with almost 50% of Type 2 diabetic patients being over 60 years of age; despite this, half of older people with frank diabetes are not diagnosed. While insulin resistance is common in older people, large numbers also have impaired insulin secretion. Age, body habitus and physical activity all play a role in the pathogenesis of hyperglycaemia associated with diabetes mellitus. Leptin levels relate to insulin resistance in older people and amylin secretion is associated with delayed return of glucose levels to baseline. Depression, impaired cognitive function, and lack of recognition of thirst and subsequent dehydration are important factors to be taken into account in the management of older diabetic patients, who may also have impaired physical function, an increased rate of injurious falls, and increased prevalence of pressure ulcers, amputations and tuberculosis. Hyperglycaemia can result in a decreased pain threshold and incontinence. Dietary management plays less of a role in older diabetic patients but exercise, with a particular emphasis on balance and stability, is an important component of the management and treatment of older diabetic Noroxin Reviews patients. The use of metformin as a treatment should be avoided in patients over 80 years of age because of declining kidney function. Insulin therapy is an option but as hypoglycaemia is related to advancing age, patients should be monitored carefully for the development of hypoglycaemia. Care providers also play an important role in the management of older people with diabetes mellitus. Glycaemic control can be obtained with minimal side-effects in most older diabetics including those patients in nursing homes.

prandin dose 2016-06-02

The aim of this study was to determine the similarities and differences of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treatment Lipitor 300 Mg patterns in daily practice in 5 European countries and whether these reflect differences in guidelines.

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The study group comprised 688 patients, aged 26-95 Bactroban 10 Mg years, clinically diagnosed with non-insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes. The patients were divided into three groups based on previous therapy: a) sulphonylurea-treated (group 1, n = 132); b) metformin with or without sulphonylurea where sulphonylurea was replaced with repaglinide (group 2, n = 302); and c) lifestyle modification alone (drug-naive) (group 3, n = 254). At initiation of the study, all patients were transferred from their current treatment to repaglinide. Only patients in group 2, with combined sulphonylurea plus metformin, continued with metformin plus repaglinide. Fasting blood sugar, hemoglobin A1c and weight were measured at study entry and 4-8 weeks following repaglinide therapy. A questionnaire documented the number of meals daily and the presence of eating from fear of hypoglycemia.

prandin drug 2016-04-04

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a progressive disorder requiring increasingly aggressive treatment to achieve and maintain target blood glucose concentrations in the presence of deteriorating insulin secretion and increasing insulin resistance. Diet and lifestyle modification are often sufficient initially; however, most patients eventually require pharmacological intervention. With disease progression, monotherapy Effexor Drug Interactions becomes less effective, so combination therapy is required, using drugs with complementary modes of action to maximise glycaemic control. The prandial glucose regulator repaglinide has been studied in combination with metformin (an inhibitor of hepatic glucose production), neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH)-insulin (which has a long duration of effect, but at the risk of early hypoglycaemia and late hyperglycaemia in the dosing interval) and three thiazolidinediones (TZDs--troglitazone, rosiglitazone and pioglitazone, which stimulate nuclear receptors to increase insulin sensitivity and reduce insulin resistance) in patients whose diabetes was inadequately controlled by previous monotherapy or combination therapy. The combination of repaglinide and metformin resulted in reduced fasting plasma glucose concentrations (by 2.2 mmol/l) and HbA1c (by 1.4%). Combination therapy with repaglinide and bedtime NPH-insulin resulted in reductions in fasting plasma glucose (by 5.4 mmol/l) and HbA1c (by 0.7%). The combination of repaglinide and each TZD also resulted in consistent decreases in fasting plasma glucose concentrations and HbA1c. No severe hypoglycaemic episodes were reported in the three studies. In conclusion, repaglinide has additive, and often synergistic, effects on glycaemic control when given in combination regimens and should be a valuable option in the management of patients with T2DM.

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Overall, 2342 (26.3%) of T2 DM achieved HbA1C less than 7%. The percentage of patients treated with metformin was 70.8%, sulfonylureas (SU) was 68.7% and insulin was 25.3%. Only 7.0% of patients received alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitor (AGI), 5.7% received ThaiZoliDinediones (TZD), 1.1% received repaglinide, and 3.2% was on diet control alone. Target glycemic control was achieved in 57.6%, 37.1%, 52%, 16.7%, 62.5%, 52% and 16.9% of patients who were on diet control only, monotherapy with SQU, metformin, TZD, AGI, repaglinide and insulin,respectively. Sulfonylureas were the most commonly used drug for monotherapy. Metformin with sulfonylurea was the most common combination therapy and was used in 39.5% of patients. More than 60% of the patients treated with metformin monotherapy had body mass index (BMI) of more than 25 kg/m2, as compare Calan Eeze Review to less than half of patient treated with other monotherapy agent. Mean +/- SD duration of diabetes in thepatients treated with metformin alone was 5.9 +/- 5.5 years, less than that in the SU-treated patients (8.3 +/- 7.1 years) and also in the insulin-treated patients (14.8 +/- 9.0 years). TDZ were commonly prescribed in combination with sulfonylureas and metformin in subjects with relatively longer duration of diabetes.